Human Body

Body parts
Common Diseases
Cardiovascular SystemHeart, Blood vessels (Arteries, Veins and Capillaries), BloodFlow of blood (and nutrients) throughout bodyNarrowing of the arteries, Heart attack, Abnormal heart rhythms or arrhythmias, Heart failure, Congenital heart disease
Digestive SystemAlimentary Canal (Oral Cavity, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Large Intestine, Anus), Liver, Pancreas, Salivary glands, Teeth, TongueDigestion and absorption of foodceliac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome
Endocrine SystemEndocrine glands (Pituitary gland, Thyroid gland, Parathyroid glands, Adrenal glands, Pancreas (endocrine part), Testes (endocrine part), Ovary (endocrine part), Liver (endocrine part))Regulation of body functions (Chemical coordination)Hypothyroidism, Osteoporosis, Prediabetes, Type 1 & 2 Diabetes
Female Reproductive SystemUterus, Ovaries, Vulva, Labia, ClitorisFormation of eggs and bearing the fetus during developmentCervicitis, Dysmenorrhea, Hysterectomy, Mastectomy
Immune SystemAntibodies, white blood cells, tonsils, and thymusNatural body system to fight infectionsType 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus
Integumentary Systemskin, hair, nails, and exocrine glandsProtects from environment, chemicals, UV light etc.Acne and warts, chronic skin conditions
Lymphatic SystemBone marrow, spleen, thymus gland, lymph nodes, and the tonsilsHelps body to get rid of the toxins, waste and other unwanted materialsGlandular fever, Hodgkin’s disease,  Tonsillitis
Male Reproductive SystemPenis, TestesFormation of sperms and semen, and fertilizing the femaleHypospadias, Hydrocele, Varicocele, Cryptorchidism
Muscular SystemMuscles (Skeletal Muscles, Smooth muscles, Cardiac Muscles)Motor power for movements of body partsMuscular Dystrophy, Cerebral Palsy, Dermatomyositis, Myasthenia Gravis
Nervous SystemBrain, Spinal Cord, Nerves, Nerve EndingsControl and Coordination of all body functions (Nervous coordinationAlzheimer’s Disease, Bell’s Palsy, Cerebrovascular Accident, Encephalitis
Respiratory SystemLungs, Nose, Trachea, Bronchi, Bronchioles, Alveolar sacs, AlveoliGaseous exchangeChronic obstructive pulmonary disease pneumonia, influenza
Skeletal SystemBones, Associated cartilages, JointsStrength, Support, Shape, Protection, Leverage, Cell ProductionOsteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoporosis
Urinary SystemKidneys, Ureters, Urinary bladder, UrethraRegulation of body’s internal environment, and production and excretion of urinecystitis, pyelonephritis, urethritis