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Human Body

Sub-System
Body parts
Function
Common Diseases
Cardiovascular System Heart, Blood vessels (Arteries, Veins and Capillaries), Blood Flow of blood (and nutrients) throughout body Narrowing of the arteries, Heart attack, Abnormal heart rhythms or arrhythmias, Heart failure, Congenital heart disease
Digestive System Alimentary Canal (Oral Cavity, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Large Intestine, Anus), Liver, Pancreas, Salivary glands, Teeth, Tongue Digestion and absorption of food celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome
Endocrine System Endocrine glands (Pituitary gland, Thyroid gland, Parathyroid glands, Adrenal glands, Pancreas (endocrine part), Testes (endocrine part), Ovary (endocrine part), Liver (endocrine part)) Regulation of body functions (Chemical coordination) Hypothyroidism, Osteoporosis, Prediabetes, Type 1 & 2 Diabetes
Female Reproductive System Uterus, Ovaries, Vulva, Labia, Clitoris Formation of eggs and bearing the fetus during development Cervicitis, Dysmenorrhea, Hysterectomy, Mastectomy
Immune System Antibodies, white blood cells, tonsils, and thymus Natural body system to fight infections Type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus
Integumentary System skin, hair, nails, and exocrine glands Protects from environment, chemicals, UV light etc. Acne and warts, chronic skin conditions
Lymphatic System Bone marrow, spleen, thymus gland, lymph nodes, and the tonsils Helps body to get rid of the toxins, waste and other unwanted materials Glandular fever, Hodgkin’s disease,  Tonsillitis
Male Reproductive System Penis, Testes Formation of sperms and semen, and fertilizing the female Hypospadias, Hydrocele, Varicocele, Cryptorchidism
Muscular System Muscles (Skeletal Muscles, Smooth muscles, Cardiac Muscles) Motor power for movements of body parts Muscular Dystrophy, Cerebral Palsy, Dermatomyositis, Myasthenia Gravis
Nervous System Brain, Spinal Cord, Nerves, Nerve Endings Control and Coordination of all body functions (Nervous coordination Alzheimer’s Disease, Bell’s Palsy, Cerebrovascular Accident, Encephalitis
Respiratory System Lungs, Nose, Trachea, Bronchi, Bronchioles, Alveolar sacs, Alveoli Gaseous exchange Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease pneumonia, influenza
Skeletal System Bones, Associated cartilages, Joints Strength, Support, Shape, Protection, Leverage, Cell Production Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoporosis
Urinary System Kidneys, Ureters, Urinary bladder, Urethra Regulation of body’s internal environment, and production and excretion of urine cystitis, pyelonephritis, urethritis

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